Only two countries in Africa were never colonized. One, Liberia, wa... (17519 people answered this)
Except Ethiopia, all the continent of African countries and its people were slaved, robbed, murdered
When talking about colonization in Africa, it is common to hear that Ethiopia and Liberia were never colonized by any of the European superpowers. It might seem quite difficult to understand how an entire continent was colonized save for these two countries, knowing that colonization was due to a growing problem of unemployment, poverty, homelessness, social displacement from rural areas, along with many other factors which came about as a result of industrialization in Europe.
10 Countries Who Were Never Colonized by Europeans
The Colonisation of South Africa: A unique case. Erna Oliver; Willem H. South Africa was officially colonised in Apart from the European colonisation being executed from the south of the continent, South Africa also experienced a migration and invasion of people groups from the north. The indigenous people groups, inhabiting the country long before these two groups arrived there, will be discussed as background to the rest of the article.
The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages : Classical antiquity and European colonialism. In popular parlance, discussions of colonialism in Africa usually focus on the European conquests that resulted in the Scramble for Africa after the Berlin Conference in the 19th century. In nearly all African countries today, the language used in government and media is a relic inherited from one of these waves of colonization. North Africa experienced colonization from Europe and Western Asia in the early historical period, particularly Greeks and Phoenicians. This became one of the major cities of Hellenistic and Roman times, a trading and cultural centre as well as a military headquarters and communications hub. Phoenicians established a number of colonies along the coast of North Africa.
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Which countries were these and why did they manage to preserve their independence? First of all we have the ancient empires of Asia — Persia, China and Japan. They were far too big and far too far away for the Europeans to control them. But this does not mean that the Europeans did not meddle in their affairs. India could of course have been included in this group, but the country, under the Mughals, was not strong and unified enough to defend itself against the British. The Afghans defended themselves ferociously in no fewer than three Anglo-Afghan wars and in the end Britain decided it was easier to leave them alone.
Between the s and , Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The imperatives of capitalist industrialization—including the demand for assured sources of raw materials, the search for guaranteed markets and profitable investment outlets—spurred the European scramble and the partition and eventual conquest of Africa. Thus the primary motivation for European intrusion was economic.