The History Book Club - BRITISH HISTORY: BRITISH PRIME MINISTERS Showing 1-50 of 120
List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom
A list of prime ministers of the United Kingdom and the educational institutions they attended. As of July [update] , of the fifty-five prime ministers to date, twenty-eight were educated at the University of Oxford including thirteen at Christ Church , and fourteen at the University of Cambridge including six at Trinity College. Three attended the University of Edinburgh , three the University of Glasgow , and two Mason Science College , a predecessor institution of the University of Birmingham. John Major was as of the last of the eight prime ministers who did not attend university after leaving secondary education. Twenty prime ministers were schooled at Eton College , of whom nine were educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford , including all three who held office between and Gladstone , Salisbury , Rosebery. Seven were educated at Harrow School and six at Westminster School. Nine prime ministers to date have been educated at non-fee-paying schools ; these include all five who held office between and Wilson , Heath , Callaghan , Thatcher , Major.
This article lists successive British governments, also referred to as ministries , from the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in , continuing through the duration of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from to , and since then dealing with those of the present-day United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Only the Civil Service is considered outside of the ministry. While the term was in common parlance in the 19th and early 20th centuries, it has become rarer, except in official and academic uses. It is perhaps in more common use in those countries, which both have official catalogues of their respective ministries, whereas Britain has no such catalogue. Articles listed by ministry contain information on the term s of one prime minister.
The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom , and chairs Cabinet meetings. There is no specific date for when the office of prime minister first appeared, as the role was not created but rather evolved over a period of time through a merger of duties. Walpole is also the longest-serving British prime minister by this definition. Due to the gradual evolution of the post of prime minister, the title is applied to early prime ministers only retrospectively;  this has sometimes given rise to academic dispute. Lord Bath and Lord Waldegrave are sometimes listed as prime ministers. Neither was able to command sufficient parliamentary support to form a government; Bath stepped down after two days,  and Waldegrave after three. By the late Stuart period , the Treasury was often run not by a single individual, i.
Related subjects: British History This is a list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom from when the first Prime Minister in the modern sense , Robert Walpole, took office in , until the present day., This article lists each Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in order of term length.
The office of prime minister developed in Britain in the 18th century, when King George I ceased attending meetings of his ministers and it was left to powerful premiers to act as government chief executive. This is a chronologically ordered list of the prime ministers, from the earliest to the most recent. List of prime ministers of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History.