Giovanni Gentile (Author of Origins and Doctrine of Fascism)
Fascism and Mussolini - The 20th century - World history - Khan Academy
After a series of university appointments, Gentile in became professor of the history of philosophy at the University of Rome. As minister of education in the Fascist government of Italy from October to July , Gentile carried out wide reforms. In he served as president of two commissions on constitutional reform, thus helping to lay the foundations of the Fascist corporate state. After acting as president of the Supreme Council of Public Education —28 and as a member of the Fascist Grand Council —29 , he saw his political influence steadily decline. Perhaps his most important achievement was the Enciclopedia Italiana first edition completed in , which he began to plan in and edited until According to him, all of these categories are merely mental constructs. Mind is the Absolute, and education is the process of revelation of the Absolute.
The myth that fascism and Nazism are phenomena of the right relies heavily on Americans not knowing what fascism and Nazism really mean, what those ideologies stand for.
make your mind an ocean
There is no RationalWiki without you. We are a small non-profit with no staff — we are hundreds of volunteers who document pseudoscience and crankery around the world every day. We will never allow ads because we must remain independent. We cannot rely on big donors with corresponding big agendas. We are not the largest website around, but we believe we play an important role in defending truth and objectivity. Giovanni Gentile 30 May —15 April was an Italian philosopher , politician  and an educator known as the "Philosopher of Fascism. In , Gentile was killed by anti-fascist communists.
The self-styled "philosopher of Fascism", he was influential in providing an intellectual foundation for Italian Fascism , and ghostwrote part of The Doctrine of Fascism with Benito Mussolini. He was involved in the resurgence of Hegelian idealism in Italian philosophy and also devised his own system of thought, which he called " actual idealism " or "actualism", and which has been described as "the subjective extreme of the idealist tradition". Giovanni Gentile was born in Castelvetrano , Sicily. He was inspired by Italian intellectuals such as Mazzini , Rosmini , Gioberti , and Spaventa from whom he borrowed the idea of autoctisi , "self-construction", but also was strongly influenced by the German idealist and materialist schools of thought — namely Karl Marx , Hegel , and Fichte , with whom he shared the ideal of creating a Wissenschaftslehre , a theory for a structure of knowledge that makes no assumptions. Pesce insists that 'there is in fact no doubt that Gentile was a Catholic', but he occasionally identified himself as an atheist, albeit one who was still culturally a Catholic.