Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism by Kwame NkrumahKwame Nkrumahs Neo-Colonialism is the classic statement on the post-colonial condition. African, Caribbean and Third World nation-states after flag independence find they have achieved government or state power but still cannot control the political economies of their country as they appear to be directed from the outside by multi-national corporations. Many African Americans use this analysis to suggest even when Black people win elections they really are not in charge and this is consistent with the theory found in this work. The problem with this approach is twofold. First, why do people still strive to get state power under capitalism in the name of independence if it is clear there will be no sovereignty? Why is it seen as a radical analysis? If the nation-state under capitalism secures no sovereignty then why not permanently organize resistance outside state power? Neo-colonialism is an application of Lennins last writings, where he said there would be no socialism in Russia, to the African world. It deceivingly sets up terms for valuating statesmen as progressive when they actually attack the independent self-mobilization of independent people of color, especially workers, at the post-colonial moment. When Nkrumah came up with this theory in Ghana that was in fact what he was doing. He was overthrown the next year and many blamed the CIA. Instead, we need to ask why he did not retain the support of the people of Ghana? Still a classic of political theory, which need not be true for all time, still addresses the questions humans are perennially asking.
Top 6 Reasons of Emergence of Neo-Colonialism
Neocolonialism , neo-colonialism , or neo-imperialism is the practice of using capitalism , globalisation and cultural imperialism to influence a developing country instead of the previous colonial methods of direct military control imperialism or indirect political control hegemony. Coined by the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre in ,   it was first used by Kwame Nkrumah in the context of African countries undergoing decolonisation in the s. When first proposed, neocolonialism labelled European countries' continued economic and cultural relationships with their former colonies, African countries that had been liberated in the aftermath of Second World War. Kwame Nkrumah , former president of Ghana —66 , coined the term, which appeared in the preamble of the Organisation of African Unity Charter, and was the title of his book Neo-Colonialism, the Last Stage of Imperialism The pamphlet frames 19th-century imperialism as the logical extension of geopolitical power, to meet the financial investment needs of the political economy of capitalism. In place of colonialism, as the main instrument of imperialism, we have today neo-colonialism.
Neocolonialism can be defined as the continuation of the economic model of colonialism after a colonized territory has achieved formal political independence. This concept was applied most commonly to Africa in the latter half of the twentieth century. European countries had colonized most of the continent in the late nineteenth century, instituting a system of economic exploitation in which African raw materials, particularly cash crops and minerals, were expropriated and exported to the sole benefit of the colonizing power. The idea of neocolonialism, however, suggests that when European powers granted nominal political independence to colonies in the decades after World War II, they continued to control the economies of the new African countries. The concept of neocolonialism has several theoretical influences.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. It then demonstrates how neo-colonialism remains an impediment to genuine empirical sovereignty and poverty reduction in Africa today. Throughout the chapters, it becomes clear that the current challenges of African development cannot be solely pinned on so-called neo-patrimonial elites. Instead it becomes imperative to fully acknowledge, and interrogate, corporate and donor interventions which lock many poorer countries into neo-colonial patterns of trade and production.
Post-colonial studies have shown extensively that despite achieving independence, the influences of colonialism and its agents are still very much present in the lives of most former colonies. Practically, every aspect of the ex-colonized society still harbors colonial influences. These influences, their agents and effects constitute the subject matter of neocolonialism. The term has become an essential theme in African Philosophy, most especially in African political philosophy. It was described as the deliberate and continued survival of the colonial system in independent African states, by turning these states into victims of political, mental, economic, social, military and technical forms of domination carried out through indirect and subtle means that did not include direct violence. Neocolonialism has since become a theme in African philosophy around which a body of literature has evolved and has been written and studied by scholars in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond.