Dissociation as a defense mechanism

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dissociation as a defense mechanism

Defense Mechanism Quotes (29 quotes)

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Defense Mechanism Dissociation

Defense mechanisms are one way of looking at how people distance themselves from a full awareness of unpleasant thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

Dissociation: a Fascinating Phenomenon of the Mind

Dissociation is a phenomenon referring to the disconnection some people have between their thoughts, emotions, memories, and even their own identities. Some people experience a more severe degree of dissociation. Other examples of severe cases would be people with multiple personality disorder or dissociative identity disorder. This type of phenomena is common in people who have suffered different kinds of psychological trauma. This ranges from sexual abuse to psychological or physical violence.

When dissociation is used as a defense mechanism, the individual copes with acute emotional stress by changing the usual awareness of self, that is, by feeling detached from the usual sense of body depersonalization or surroundings derealization , or by breaking the autobiographic continuity across time, which can lead to amnesias, or an unstable or divided sense of self like different personalities in one body. In this process, stressors are put out of conscious awareness. As a maladaptive mechanism, the lack of awareness of the stressor impedes effective problem solving. Dissociation appears to be a personality trait ranging from common, mild, and transient states to chronic and pathological conditions Ray et al. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Contents Search. Dissociation Defense Mechanism.

Dissociation is any of a wide array of experiences from mild detachment from immediate surroundings to more severe detachment from physical and emotional experiences. The major characteristic of all dissociative phenomena involves a detachment from reality , rather than a loss of reality as in psychosis. Dissociation is commonly displayed on a continuum. Further along the continuum are non-pathological altered states of consciousness. More pathological dissociation involves dissociative disorders , including dissociative fugue and depersonalization disorder with or without alterations in personal identity or sense of self. These alterations can include: a sense that self or the world is unreal depersonalization and derealization ; a loss of memory amnesia ; forgetting identity or assuming a new self fugue ; and separate streams of consciousness, identity and self dissociative identity disorder , formerly termed multiple personality disorder and complex post-traumatic stress disorder.

Primitive Defense Mechanisms

Permalink Print. Whilst defense mechanisms such as repression , sublimation and identification with an aggressor can often be identified, there are also numerous other mechanisms that have been identified since Sigmund Freud first noted them more than a century ago. Learn more. Acceptance of a situation that has been causing anxiety is one technique that we might use to live with an undesirable circumstances or feelings. For instance, someone may acknowledge that they have behaved unreasonably towards their father owing to an Oedipus Complex , or accept their new circumstances after separating from a partner. When the id component of the human psyche signals the desire to act on an impulse, the ego and super ego will often counteract it if they feel that that behavior would be counterproductive or immoral. A person may want to curse after falling over in a busy street, but the ego, perceiving this as contradicting social etiquette, will often lead to them holding back on the expletives.

Dissociation is a disconnection from events and states that are usually integrated. Another type of dissociation is derealisation — the world and environment feel unreal to the individual. Both subjective dissociation states may result from trauma, so dissociation may be considered a psychological mechanisms of defence. This dissociation means the person is emotionally withdrawn from their healthy sense of self and the world, and this cannot protect against future trauma. For example starting with trust vs.

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